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Английский язык. Институт Коммерции и Права. Москва.


Английский язык

TEXT 1 The Tortures of Driving
 
Owing to John's slightly-strained wrist, Gerda, his wife, would have to drive, and Gerda, God help her, had never been able to begin to drive a car! Every time she changed gear, John would sit silent managing not to say anything, because he knew by bitter experience  that when he did say anything Gerda became immediately worse. Curious that no one had ever been able to teach Gerda to change gear.
Gerda got into the driving seat and nervously pressed the starter. She pressed it again and again. John said: "The car will start better,  Gerda, if you switch on the engine."
"Oh, dear, how stupid of me!" She shot a quick alarmed glance at him, but to her relief he was smiling, and remembering the conversation at lunch, she let in the clutch rather too suddenly, so that the car leapt forward from the kerb.
"Oh, God," said John.
Gerda was momentarily deflected. The traffic lights she was approaching had been green for a long time. They were almost sure, she thought, to change before she got to them. She began to slow down. Still green.
John Christow forgot his resolution of keeping silent about Gerda's driving and said: "What are you stopping for?"
"I thought the lights might change..." She pressed her foot on the accelerator, the car moved forward a little, just beyond the lights, then, unable to pick up, the engine stalled. The lights changed.
The cross-traffic hooted angrily.
John said, but quite pleasantly:
"You really are the worst driver in the world, Gerda!"
"I always find traffic lights so worrying. One doesn't know just when they are going to change."
John cast a quick sideways look at Gerda's anxious unhappy face. "Everything worries Gerda. "he thought, and tried to imagine what it must feel like to live in that state. But since he was not a man of much imagination, he could not picture it at all.
Gerda was relieved at John's silence. She could cope with driving better if she were not distracted by conversation. Besides, if John was absorbed in thought, he was not so likely to notice that jarring noise of her occasional forced changes of gear. (She never changed if she could help it.)
There were times, Gerda knew, when she changed gear quite well (though never with confidence), but it never happened if John were in the car. Her nervous determination to do it right this time was almost disastrous, her hand fumbled, she accelerated too much or not enough, and she pushed the gear lever quickly and clumsily so that it shrieked in protest.
"Cars ought to be made so that you didn't have that horrible grinding noise!"
But, on the whole, thought Gerda, as she began the ascent of Mersham Hill, this drive wasn't going too badly. John was still absorbed in thought and he hadn't noticed rather a bad crashing of gears in Croydon. Optimistically, as the car gained speed, she changed up into third and immediately the car slackened. John, as it were, woke up.
"What on earth's the point of changing up just when you're coming to a steep bit?"
Gerda set her jaw.
Not very much farther now. Not that she wanted to get there. No, indeed, she'd much rather drive on for hours and hours, even if John did lose his temper with her!
But now they were driving along Shovel, downflaming autumn woods all round them.

(A.   Christie)

Comprehension questions:
1.    Was Gerda the best driver or the worst driver John had ever seen in
his life?
2.    What had Gerda never been able to begin to do?
3.    Did Jonn's remarks make his wife nervous and unhappy or did
she take no notice of them?
4.    Why did Gerda keep pressing the starter again and again?
5.    Why did the car leap forward with a jerk?
6.    What was Gerda stopping for?
7.    Why did the cross-traffic hoot angrily?
8.    Why did Gerda always find the traffic lights so worrying?
9.    Why was Gerda relieved at John's silence?
10.    Did John keep silent because he was enjoying the beauty of the
autumn woods around them or for some other reason?
TEXT WORK
1. Phonetic Drill - translate, transcribe and pronounce correctly:
gear, nervously, alarmed, anxious, absorbed, occasional, disastrous, ascent, jaw, autumn.
2. Make up an outline of the text. Write out the keywords for each point of the outline.
3.Give all the derivatives to the words:
Move, light, cope, confidence, speed.
4. Give synonyms to the following words:
Silent, nervous, sudden, resolution, clumsy.
5. What phrases with the following nouns, verbs, and adjectives do you know?
Start; to press; quick; to keep; to move; long; confidence.

Dialogue 1.

Mrs. Kelly: Careful, James! There's a bend and a level crossing. Look for the gates!
James: All right, mother. I'm going very slowly. Only forty miles an hour. I can stop in fifty yards, or less than that.
Mrs. Kelly: Forty miles an hour isn't slow! Here's the bend. Do be careful!
James: We're down to twenty miles an hour now.
Mrs. Kelly: The gates are closed, you see. Here's the train. Isn't it a long one?
Mr. Kelly: The man's coming. He's going to open the gates. Get ready to go, James.
(Five minutes later)
Mrs Kelly:       Careful, James! There's the sign for a crossroads.
James:    All right, mother. I've seen it.
Mr Kelly:         James is a very good driver, dear. Motoring isn't dangerous if the driver is careful.
Mrs Kelly:       Oh, I know James is a careful driver. Look! There's a large van coming along the other road
James:    I've seen it, mother. Don't worry!
1. Supply the missing prepositions or adverbs:
1.    Just drive ..., I'll show you where to stop. 2. The car was drawn    the side of the road. 3. The car leapt the kerb. 4. He waved his hand ...me as I drove ... . 5. You must slow ... when you drive ... a school. 6. What are you stopping ... ? — I thought the lights might change. 7. The car stopped just ... the point where the road began to ascend. 8. You've forgotten to switch ... the engine. 9. The car stopped just... the lights. 10. The driver had just drawn … the filling station to get some petrol. 11. Who looks ... your car? 12. We picked him    our way ... the station. 13.1 got... the car and drove ... 14. Shall I take you ... the station ... my car? 15. The engine started and the car moved ... . 16. He came all the way ... Kalinin ... car. 17. When Oleg drove ... his wife was busy cooking supper... the kitchen. 18. The lights have been green ... a long time, they may change ... the red any moment. 19. They drove … hours and hours without saying a word. 20. My trouble is that I become absent-minded ... the wheel and am not able to act quickly.
2.    Give Russian equivalents of:
a woman driver, teaching one's wife to drive a car is the worst job you can think of, to cause fewer accidents, the number of deaths on the roads, a commercial van, a lorry, to drive only occasionally, to drive for long distances, to drive for long times, to be at the wheel, a driving licence, to hold a driving licence.
3.    Translate into Russian:
1)    The engine is running noisily.
2)    The car is gathering speed.
3)    Don't exceed the speed limit.
4)    The brake is out of action.
5)    Have you a spare tyre?
6)    The tyre punctured a mile from home.
7)    We'll have to let the air out and pump up the tyre again.
8)    I have run out of petrol.
9)    I want to recharge my battery.
10)    What is the horsepower (h.p.) of the engine?
11)    What make is your car?
TEXT 2
WOULD YOU LIKE TO DRIVE?
"Would you like to drive?"
Мог was startled. It was nearly fifteen years since he had driven a car, and he had never possessed one of his own.
"I haven't driven for a long time," he said, "and I don't know whether I could now. Anyway, I haven't got a driving licence."
"That doesn't matter," said Miss Carter, "no one will know — and we're not in a real road anyway. Would you like to?"
"I might harm your beautiful car," said Мог. But that he would like to, he would like to very much indeed, drive the Riley. Before he could say any more, Miss Carter skipped out of the car and they changed places. She seemed very elated and watched Мог with delight as he looked doubtfully at the dashboard. He could remember nothing.
"How do I start it?" he asked.
"There's the ignition, it's switched on, there's the starter, there's the gear lever. You remember how the gears go? There's the clutch, the foot-brake, the accelerator. The hand-brake's in front here." Miss Carter was perched sideways in her seat with the gleeful air of a little boy who sees his father about to make a mess of things.
Мог felt large and awkward. He fiddled a little with the gears.
He began to remember. He started the engine. Then gingerly he put the car into first gear and released the clutch. With a jolt the Riley leapt forward. Мог immediately put his foot on the brake and the engine stalled. Miss Carter rocked with laughter. She had drawn her feet up and clutched her skirt about her ankles.
"Damn!" said Мог. Не tried again and was more successful. The Riley glided very slowly forward and Мог navigated her round a turning in the path. A tree brushed the roof. Almost silently they sailed through the thickest part of the wood. Miss Carter was grave now, she was looking ahead. As he felt the big car purring quietly along under his control Мог felt like a king. He experienced a deep and intense joy. His body relaxed. He was continuous with the car, with the slowly moving woodland, with the thick green carpet of the unrolling bridle path. They drove for a minute without speaking.
(Iris Murdoch)
1. Match the words:
Hood -            to start a journey
Saloon car (US: sedan)    a rubber or iron hoop around the wheel
To set off -        receptacle for storing
Tank -            as many miles as you like
Tyre (US: tire) -        closed car for 4-7 people
Unlimited mileage -    covering over a car engine
2.  Write out from the text all the words and word combinations connected with the topic "Driving a car". Quote sentences in which they are used.
3.    Which words go together according to the text:

to rock    path
to release    with laughter
to start    air
bridle    the engine
gleeful    the clutch
4.    Choose the right word. Translate the sentences into Russian.
to    ride   /   to drive   /    to go
1)    I can ... you to the station if you want to.
2)    Tom got on his bike and slowly ... down the street.
3)    Don't... too fast; we may be fined.
4)    The car was ... at the speed of about 100 miles.
5)    I want to teach my daughter to ....
6)    The man jumped on his horse and ... off.
7)    The boy was ... his bike full speed.
8)    Norman has ... to see his sister.
9)    Do you mind if I ... in the back seat?
to    mend   /   to repair
1)    I've ... the door and it shuts properly now.
2)    You'd better... the roof before it rains.
3)    It's never late to ....
4)    You must ...your ways if you want to stay in this job.
5)    Please have this car....
6)    You have made this mistake. It's up to you to ... .

DIALOGUE 2.  A GOOD DRIVING RECORD

Learn "A Good Driving Record" by heart.
Tell the contents of the dialogue in the narrative.

Mr Brown:  How did you come here today, Miss Diener?
Miss Diener:  I drove in by car

Mr Brown: That's very nice. Do you find any difficulty in driving in London traffic?
Miss Diener:  Oh, no! I'm quite accustomed to it now. I used to feel nervous at first when I had a stream of traffic on either side of me, and was always afraid that someone was going to bump into me, but I've got over that now.

Mr Brown:   How do you find driving here compared with driving in Germany?
Miss Diener:  Of course, at first it seems much more difficult, but when you get used to the vastly heavier traffic and the "keep-to-the-left" rule of the road you prefer driving here.

Mr Brown:  Is that so? Why is it, do you think?
Miss Diener:  Well, your roads are so good. I have motored almost all over England and Scotland now and have hardly ever found a bad road. Then they are so well marked.

Mr Brown:  What do you mean?
Miss Diener:  Why,   with   signposts   telling   you   the  direction   and distance to the next town, white lines at the dangerous corners, notices to steep hills and traffic lights at almost every difficult crossing.

Mr Brown:  Have you ever had any accidents while you have been driving?
Miss Diener:  No, nothing serious so far. I once backed the car into a wall and damaged the mudguard a little and once I forgot that I had no water in my radiator until, after I had gone some miles, I smelt a terrible smell of hot oil and saw steam hissing out of the radiator cap. Luckily, I stopped in time, and no harm was done. But that is all in ten years' driving.

Mr Brown:  Well, that's a good record; I congratulate you.


TEXT  3.  TOURING BY CAR IN BRITAIN.

With its good road and motorway network, Britain is ideally suited for driving tours. Road numbers and destinations are clearly signposted and even smaller country roads are well surfaced. For quick point-to-point travel the motorway system is best, but to discover the real Britain get off the main roads and explore quiet rural lanes and hidden-away villages. When travelling around, look out for the white-on-brown signposts which indicate nearby tourist attractions.
Renting a car means that you are free to go where you choose and visit places off the beaten track.
All companies offer standard rental with unlimited mileage, large companies offer one-way rental, too. Cars can be rented at most principal railway stations via a British Rail scheme; you can make a reservation just before starting your journey and your car will be waiting on your arrival.
With so many car hire companies, it's worth shopping around to get a good value deal. Use your credit card. If you want a car with automatic transmission you must specify it at the time of booking.
Conditions of car rental vary: most companies will not rent to those aged under 21 or 25 or aged over 70 or 75 and they usually require a visitor to have held a full driving licence for at least 12 months. It is customary for the rental charge to be paid in advance.

DIALOGUE 3.

Mary Almar is going to hire a car so that she and her husband can go on a trip to Delphi. She is at the Self-Drive car Rental Company.

Mary:          Good afternoon.
Assistant:      Good afternoon, madam.

Mary:          I want to hire a car tomorrow. Do you have any available?
Assistant:      We have a Fiat 124.

Mary:          How much would that cost?
Assistant:          It's $12 a day plus 12 cents a kilometre.

Mary:          And that includes insurance, presumably.
Assistant:          Yes, insurance is included.

Mary:          But I have to pay extra for the petrol, don't I?
Assistant:          Yes, you buy your own petrol, but we check the car and put some oil in before you start.

Mary:        Do I have to pay a deposit?
Assistant:        Yes, we require a deposit of 20$.

Mary:        And do you accept American Express?
Assistant:        Yes, that'll be all right. And we need to see your driving licence.

Mary:        Right. Can I see the car, please?
Assistant:        Certainly, madam. This way, please.

DIALOGUE 4.  AT A GARAGE.
Read, memorize and practice the dialogue.
Mechanic:      Can I help you?
Motorist:        Yes, there's something wrong with my car.

Mechanic:      What's the matter with it?
Motorist:        Well, it won't go very fast and the engine makes a coughing noise all the time.

Mechanic:      You've probably got dirt in the carburettor. I'll have a look at it for you.
Motorist:        You can look at it now, can't you?

Mechanic:      Yes, in a few minutes.
Motorist:        Can I wait here, please?

Mechanic:      Yes, take a seat.
Motorist:        Thank you.


DIALOGUE 5. AT A PETROL STATION
Read, memorize and practice the dialogue.
Motorist:    Might I have a full tank, please?
Clerk:    What kind of petrol do you need? Regular, unleaded or premium?

Motorist:    Unleaded, please. Here is the key to the tank.
Clerk:    Would you like me to check the oil for you?

Motorist:    Yes, please. And the tyres, will you?
Clerk:    Certainly, madam. Might I ask you to open the hood for me?

Motorist:    Oh, I'm not sure if I can do it.
Clerk:    There's a lever inside there... thanks. Now- the tyres... they are a bit low on air, I'm afraid...

Motorist:    How much do I owe you?
Clerk:    That'll be 18 pounds worth.

Motorist:    Here you are.
Clerk:    Thank you. Happy journey.

TERMS and CONDITIONS
1.    Client pays for all petrol used.
2.    Cars are to be returned to renting station.
3.    State or local taxes are not included.
4.    Driver must have a valid Driving Licence. Minimum age – 21 years.   For drivers  under 25  years  of age,     please,  refer to insurance section.
5.    Rates are subject to change without notice.
6.    Insurance    -    Public    Liability,    Property    Damage,    $250,00 Deductible Collision, Fire and Theft is included, provided Rental Terms are not violated. Drivers under 25 years of age must pay an additional $2,50 per day for insurance coverage providing $500,00 Deductible Collision protection.
7.    Collision Damage Waiver (CDW) can be purchased by drivers 25 and over, relieving them of the responsibility of the first $250,00 damage. CDW is available at $2,00 per day.

Questions
1)    Can you hire a car in one town and leave it in another town?
2)    Which of these is not included in the rates given here?

a)    Taxes.
b)    Public liability insurance.

3)    If you are over 25 and do not buy extra insurance, what is the most you will have to pay for accident damage?
4)    How much extra does it cost per day if you do not want to pay for any accident damage?


DIALOGUE 6
Assistant:       Good morning.
Customer:      Good morning. I'm thinking of hiring a car next week. I want a medium-size saloon car. Do you have any cars available then, please?

Assistant:       Yes, we do.
Customer:      What kinds of cars are they?

Assistant:      The cars we have are Ford Escorts or Renault 5.
Customer:      How much would that cost for a week?

Assistant:      For a whole week?
Customer:     Yes.

Assistant:      Well, the cost of the hire will be 74.50 pounds. It includes your insurance, which is third-party insurance   and damage to the vehicle.
Customer:      Uh-huh.

Assistant:      We also do a personal accident insurance, which is 12,40 pounds per week, so the total cost including personal accident insurance is 86,90 pounds for the week.
Customer:      And do I have to pay something for the mileage?

Assistant:      No, it's unlimited mileage.
Customer:      Unlimited mileage. But I pay for my own petrol, don't I?

Assistant:      Oh, yes. We need a 10 pound petrol deposit, and we fill the tank up before you set off; and then when you get back, we fill it up again and deduct the cost of that from your deposit.
Customer:      Uh-huh. And I have to pay for oil as well, don't I?

Assistant:      No, the car is all checked and oil put in before it goes out.
Customer:      And the deposit is 10 pounds.

Assistant:      No, that's for the petrol. The deposit for the hire is 45 pounds.
Customer:      45 pounds. And do you accept credit cards?

Assistant:      Well, not all credit cards.
Customer:      Well, which ones?

Assistant:      American Express, Barclaycard, Access,
Customer:      Good. And you need to see my driving licence, presumably.

Assistant:      Yes.
Customer:      Is there anything else I need?

Assistant:       No, just the licence.
Customer:      I see. Right. Oh, yes, about returning the car. Can I leave it somewhere else?

Assistant:       No. no, we don't allow cars to be left anywhere else.
Customer:      I see. Well, could I have a Renault 5 for next Monday for a week then, please?

Assistant:       Yes. What name is it?
Customer:      Fisher.
Assistant:       And the address?
Customer:      Oh. Well, I'm staying at the Royal Hotel in Baker Street.
Assistant:       What's your home address?
Customer:      51 Barker Road, Hong Kong.
Assistant:       Well, if you'd like to pay the deposit now, then you can pick the car up any time after eight o'clock on Monday.
Customer:      Fine.

Comprehension Questions:

1. Which of these cars does the rental company have?
a) Renault 5
b) Toyota Corolla
c)Ford Escort
2. How much is personal insurance per one week?
3. Does the price 86..90 pounds include insurance?
4. Does the customer have to pay something extra per mile?
5. Does she has to pay for petrol?
6. Does she have to pay for oil?
7. How much is the deposit for petrol and hire together?
8. Does the rental company accept credit cards?
9. What does the customer need to show the company before she can drive the car?
10. Can the customer leave the car in a different place when she has finished with it?
11. When does she have to pay the deposit?
12. What is the earliest time on Monday that she can take the car?

Fly-drive holidays in the USA.

On a fly-drive holiday the tourist fly to an airport where a rented car is waiting for the duration of the holiday. The car rental is included in the package price.

1. What are the advantages of such a holiday for the tourist? What arrangements and deals would a tour operator have to make?
2. Look at the extract from a fly-drive brochure about holidays in Florida. With a partner, decide whether to take an independent fly-drive holiday or one of the self-drive tours.
3. In groups, plan a fly-drive holiday for a particular country which you know well. Include information on accommodation and other arrangements and a brief itinerary.
4. Present the details of your holiday and itinerary to members of the other groups.



Английский язык

 
FLORIDA      Self-Drive Tours British Airways Holidays

The best way of getting around in the fabulous "Sunshine State" is by self-drive car... you really can't go wrong because driving in the US is not only convenient but also very simple, and petrol is cheap. We have included a rental-free car with almost all of our Florida holidays, so travelling to and from the theme parks, superb beaches and other exciting attractions couldn't be easier.
Choose an independent fly-drive holiday for complete flexibility and the freedom to travel at your own pace, included is a flight to and from Miami or Orlando, plus a rental-free car. if you like, we can even arrange accommodation vouchers, giving you the opportunity to stay where you want, when you want, and for as long as you want.
If you prefer to leave the planning of your itinerary to someone else, why not select one of our self-drive tours? We will pre-book all your accommodation.
BEST OF  FLORIDA Day 1 London-Gatwick - Orlando
Fly direct to Orlando. On arrival pick up your self-drive car from the airport rental station and make your way to your chosen hotel. Overnight: Holiday Inn Express (Orlando Mariott)
Day 2- 5 Orlando
Four full days to enjoy the many attractions of the Orlando area. Overnights: Holiday Inn Express (Orlando Mariott)
Day 6 Orlando - St Pete Beach / Clearwater
A leisurely drive brings you to St Pete beach or Clearwater on Florida's Gulf Coast. Overnight: Sandpiper.
Day 10 St Pete Beach / Clearwater - Sanibel / Captiva
Journey south to the beautiful islands of Sanibel and Captiva. Overnight; West Wind inn.
Day 13 Sanibel / Captiva - Miami Beach / Fort Lauderdale
Travel across Florida to the marinas and Atlantic beaches of Miami Beach and Fort Lauderdale. Overnight: Quality Shawnee.
Day 15 Miami Beach / Fort Lauderdale - Miami
At leisure until it's time to drive back to Miami Airport to drop off your self-drive car and check in for your flight home.
Day 16   London Heathrow
Morning arrival.


TEXT 5.

Make up questions on the text and discuss them in class .
Make up a summary of the text.
Give a presentation of the problems posed in the text.

HINTS FOR MOTORISTS IN THE US

Travelers can find car rental advertisements under Car Rentals in the Yellow Pages. The two largest American car rental companies. Hertz and Avis, have offices all over the US, with counters at most airports and in many international cities. Other national car rental companies you can find at airports, such as Thrifty, National, Budget or Dollar, have offices in other countries too. So you may want to reserve a car through your travel agent in your own country.
In order to rent a car, you have to have a major credit card, such as MasterCard or Visa, or a credit card with the company itself. Without a credit card you may have to pay a very high deposit on the car.
It is also possible to rent used cars rather than new ones. Rent-A-Junker and Ugly Duckling, which have offices in 40 states, are two of the many used car rental companies. Their rates are often lower and they don't always demand a credit card. Sometimes they have special offers that make the total cost of renting a car even lower.
Americans like to do business without leaving their cars. You'll see drive-in banks, drive-in restaurants, drive-in churches and drive-in movies.
When driving in the US, it's a good idea to have an international drivers' license if you don't have a state license. Each of the fifty states has its own traffic laws. (For example, in some states drivers can pump their own gas at "self-serve islands", while in others this is not allowed.) Drivers are expected to know and understand the laws even if they don't live in the state. Get information when you cross the border into a state at a tourist information center.
There is a national speed limit of 55 miles per hour, or about 80 kilometers per hour. Americans usually start and stop slowly and are generally polite about letting cars enter busy streets. They usually stop for people who are walking to let them cross the street. In many states you may turn right after stopping at a comer, even if there is a red light. On some roads there may be a minimum speed.
If you rent a car, ask the company what to do in case your car breaks down. Some companies will ask you to call a special number. Others will want you to have the car repaired. They will deduct the cost of the repair from your bill.
"Mileage" can mean two things. It may mean the total number of miles a car has been driven. On the other hand, "gas mileage" is the number of miles a car can travel on one US gallon of gas.
If you want to rent a vehicle you can sleep in, you should ask about RVs - recreational vehicles. You don't need a car to pull an RV - you can drive it! Yet it's as big as a house trailer. You can also rent a camping trailer.
WRITING. Translate into English

1.    Если   погода  будет  хорошей,   мы  совершим   на   машине увеселительную поездку.
2.    Вас   подвести?   Садитесь.   -   Вы   держите   баранку   как профессионал. - Я проехал около десяти тысяч миль на своей машине. Где вас высадить?
3.    Хотите   сесть   за   руль?   Не   превышайте   установленную скорость.
4.    Машина набирает скорость. Теперь мы едем на предельной скорости.
5.    Почему вы не дали сигнал?
6.    Вам следовало затормозить. - Тормоз не работает.
7.    Можно здесь поставить машину? - Разве вы не видите знака «стоянка запрещена»?
8.    Мы подождем, пока ты поставишь машину в гараж.
9.    Вы собираетесь менять эту шину?
10.    Я собираюсь выпустить воздух и снова накачать шину.
11.    Если я не перезаряжу аккумулятор, мы никуда не поедем.
12.    Как только подъеду, просигналю.
13.    Я не уйду, пока не поговорю с механиком.
14.    Я собираюсь поставить машину на той стороне улицы.
15.    После того, как я выйду, выключи мотор.
16.    Вы не собираетесь выключить фары?

17.    Если у меня закончится бензин, я воспользуюсь запасами из багажника.
18.    Машина не в порядке - что-то случилось с зажиганием.
19.    На днях я выучил английский язык
PROJECT WORK
By the end of this Unit you should finish your project work "Tourist Travellogue".
Your work should consist of the following parts:

(1)    Railways in a chosen country,
(2)    Promotion of the Air company,
(3)    River (sea or sightseeing) cruise within a chosen country,
(4)    Coach tour around the country.

English