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Контрольная работа для студентов экономических специальностей

Контрольная работа  для студентов  экономических специальностей 

Вариант № 1

1. Перепишите предложения, выбрав верный вариант сказуемого. Определите его время и залог. Переведите предложения.
1. When he arrived in the city the bridge across the river … .
2. Every year the lectures of the Professor … with great interest.
3. The automatic devices … by the end of the last month.
4. The works of this physicist … in the years to come.
5. The envelope … behind the clock. 1.was still being built 2.was still built
3. has still been built
1. had been listened to 2. are being listened to 3. are listened to
1. had been installed 2. have been installed
3. are installed
1. are referred to 2. will be referred to
3. have been referred to
1 was finded 2. was found 3 were found

2. Переделайте предложения из прямой речи в косвенную, переведите предложения:
1. We asked them, "How did it happen?”
2. He said to me, "I’ m absolutely sure”.
3. I asked him, "Does the FBI investigate kidnapping?”
4. He said, "The trial has been canceled”.
5. They said "The coroners will inquire into unnatural deaths”.

3. Переведите предложения на английский язык.
1. К первому сентября выборы уже состоялись.
2. Когда я пришел на работу, он уже был там.
3. Она сказала, что участвовала в конкурсе в прошлом году.
4. Он написал, что собирается купить новую квартиру.
5. Мой брат сказал, что будет дома когда я приду.

4. Употребите нужную временную форму глагола в скобках. Переведите предложения с английского.
1. David said that he (to ask) permission from the director.
2. I don’t think I ever (to see) you before.
3. She knew what (to go) on their minds.
4. She felt that her father (not to want) to disturb her.
5. It was possible that Jack (to hang) around.

5. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст.

US Public Finance

Public finance is the acquisition and allocation of funds by government units. Government must acquire funds to finance its activities just as a private enterprise does. Sound principles of public finance are particularly important because the national government has control over money supply and can greatly affect the centre credit and financial structure of the economy.
The elements of public finance system are budgets and earmarked funds of the federal government and local authorities and finances of government enterprises. Public finance deals with problems of levying taxes, borrowing funds and debt management. The federal government obtains a high proportion of its revenues from income tax regulated by the tax legislation. If tax revenues plus secondary income from government enterprises are not equal to expenditures, the deficiency is met by borrowing.
An important role in managing public finance belongs to the US Treasury Department. One of its leading bureaus is the International Revenue Service (IRS). It controls about 80 per cent of tax revenues of federal budget. Other tax related services are the Customs and the Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. Incomes taxes are paid both by individuals and corporations. (част сказуемого) Other sources of budgetary receipts are social insurance taxes and contributions, customs and excise duties, estate and gift taxes.

6. Письменно ответьте на вопрос:

What does public finance deal with?