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Контрольная работа по английскому языку

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Контрольная работа по английскому языку

I. Open the brackets and choose the adequate form of the verb.
1. The FED (to control) the money supply and (to prevent) the economy from crisis.
2. The FED also (to sell) and (to buy) governmental securities.
3. Banks and other financial institutions (to use) computer technology now.
4. Our company (to establish) an effective system for recording financial transactions last year.
5. The Board of Directors (to work out) a system of financial control (to back up) the company yesterday.
6. Our firm already (to extend) its resources through the use of credit.
7. We (not to produce) services for sale since 1980.
8. The firm already (to sell) its machinery when the bank (to demand) to repay the loan.
9. I (to read) a newspaper when the news of his bankrupcy (to arrive).
10. Our company (to credit) ratings for bond issues next year.
II. Make these sentences passive. Mind all the changes in the structure of the sentence and the verb-form must undergo.
1. Securities markets buy and sell securities.
2. The company issues new stock through an underwriter.
3. The exchanges trade listed corporation security only.
4. Several underwriters form an underwriting syndicate.
5. The underwriter buys securities from the corporations.
6. The individual used to sell stocks over the counter originally.
7. The individuals trade the majority of stocks in a true bid auction.
III. Translate these sentences into English paying attention to the Passive Voice.
1. Наличные используются для создания прибыли.
2. Цены инвесторов связаны со спекуляцией, ростом, доходом.
3. Телевизионное оборудование экспортируется во многие страны.
4. Многие контракты подписываются нашей компанией круглый год.
5. Компрессоры доставят в сентябре.
6. Когда мы получили их телеграмму, пароход был зафрахтован, но товары еще не были доставлены в порт.
7. Документы будут проверены и письма написаны, когда вы приедете. Сделайте перевод с английского языка контрольной работы.
IV. Transform.
1. Conditional clauses of Type I into Type II.
2. Conditional clauses of Type II into Type III.

1. If we don’t get your answer before the 10th of September, we’ll pass the order on to another firm.
2. If you order 200 tons of those goods, we’ll reduce the price by 5%.
3. If you agree to these terms, we’ll send you our contract.
4. We shall not accept the goods, if they are shipped after the first of December.
5. If the director is in, he will receive you.
6. They will accept this lot of instruments if they are satisfied with today’s tests.
7. If you are to guarantee a regular supply of these goods, we shall be prepared to conclude a new contract.
V. Read the letter. Find out Participles I, mark them, translate the word combinations with participles into Russian.
Dear Sirs,
We noticed your advertisement in the January issue of Textile Monthly and would very much appreciate receiving details of the "ATR” loom.
We weave a wide range of products and note that your loom can use all kind of fibre. In your reply would you please inform us what fibres are now being used on the machine.
Would you also inform us of the loom size, as well as all other technical data.
We would also be interested in receiving details of price, delivery, etc., and whether or not it would be possible to see this loom weaving in the United Kingdom or Western Europe.
We look forward to hearing from you.
Yours truly,
Stone & Co
VI. Choose the gerund or the infinitive.
1. He couldn’t avoid (to meet, meeting) them.
2. He enjoys (to ask, asking) questions but dislikes (to answer, answering) them.
3. This book is worth (to read, reading).
4. I want (to learn, learning) English and promise (to work, working) hard.
5. The manager insisted on (to sign, signing) the contract.
6. We objected to (to ship, shipping) the goods in two lots as we needed the goods immediately.
7. There is no chance of their (to call, calling) on us to-night.
VII. Match English and Russian equivalents.
А. Так как оборудование оказалась неисправным, продавец должен устранить неполадки или заменить неисправные части.
Б. Все транспортные расходы несет продавец.
В. покупатель вправе требовать от продавца уплаты штрафа в размере 8% от цены, уплаченной покупателем.
Г. Вышеуказанный период будет пройден в случае задержки пуска оборудования.
Д. Период бесперебойной работы оборудования – один год.
Е. Если дефекты не могут быть устранены, покупатель имеет право отказаться от неисправного оборудования.
Ж. Оборудование было произведено в полном соответствии с условиями контракта.
З. Оборудование было возвращено продавцу за его счет. 1. The equipment has been manufactured in full conformity with the conditions of the Contract.
2. The period of trouble-free operation of the
Equipment was one year.
3. The above period will be extended of the equipment is deferred.
4. If the defects cannot be eliminated the Buyer has the right to reject the defective equipment.
5. The equipment was returned to the Seller has eliminate the defects or to replace the defective parts.
6. The Buyer is entitled to demand from the Seller payment of penalty at the rate of 8% of the price paid by the Buyer.
7. The seller is obliged to pay the penalty at the firs request of the Buyer.
8. All the transport charges are to be borne by the seller.
VIII. Punctuate the following passage. Provide capital letters, commas, full stops, brackets, colons, etc., where applicable.
The world commerce suggest buying and selling the exchange of goods between countries the world industry suggest the production of goods by mining and manufacture when we see or hear the world business however we think first of all not of shops factories or mines but of offices modern business is one chiefly in offices and office work usually means various forms of communication a business man needs to communicate with other businessmen he can do this by using the telephone he can also do it by writing but the modern businessman does not write his letters by hand he dictates them to a shorthand typist usually a women she types the letters on the machine and later takes them to be signed when all the letters have been signed they are put in envelopes and are ready for the post it is not to type an address on an envelope there are envelopes with a window of transparent paper and the letter can be folded so that the name and address typed on the letter can be seen through this window.
IX. Read and translate the text to answer the given questions. Put your answers down.
1. What is the definition of "demand”?
2. how is demand indicated?
3. what is money?
4. what is our choice determined by?
5. what comes second in our scale of preferences?
6. what is elasticity of demand?
7. when is demand inelastic?
Elasticity of supply, as a response to changes in price, is related to demand. Economists define "demand” as a consumer’s desire or want, together with his willingness to pay for what he wants. We can say that demand is indicated by our willingness to offer money for particular goods or services. Money has no value in itself, but serves as a means of exchange between commodities which do have a value to us.
People very seldom have everything they want. Usually we have to decide carefully how we spend our income. When we exercise our choice, we do so according to our personal scale of preferences. In this scale of preferences essential commodities come first (food, clothing, shelter, medical expenses, etc.), then the kind of luxuries which help us to be comfortable (telephone, special furniture, insurance, etc.) and finally those non-essentials which gave us personal pleasure (holidays, parties, visits to theatres and concerts, chocolate, etc.). They may all seem important, but their true importance can be measured by deciding which we are prepared to live without. Our decisions indicate our scale of preferences and therefore our priorities.
Elasticity of demand is a measure of the change in the quantity of a good, in response to demand. The change in demand results from a change in prices. Demand is inelastic when a good is regarded as a basic necessity, but particularly elastic for non-essential commodities. Accordingly, we buy other things only when they are relatively cheap.
X. Do the following tasks.
1. Translate the text in written form.
2. Circle the sentences which are true.
a) When people offer money for particular goods they indicate that a demand exists.
b) Money is usually valuable in itself.
c) People do not usually have everything they want.
d) Basic needs come before the luxuries.
e) Our decisions on how to use our money show what we need most and what we are willing to do without.
f) Demand for essential commodities is always elastic.
3. Give a name (title) to the text.
XI. Creative Work. Prepare the following topics:
1. Management.
2. Contract.
3. Market.
4. Marketing.
5. The product life cycle.
6. A presentation of a new product.