Контрольная работа по английскому языку
Контрольная работа по английскому языку (3 сессия – полный обучения)
1. Прочитайте текст, выполните упражнение после текста.
The Education System in the UK
In this text you will find general information on the education system in the UK. As there are separate education systems in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, the actual ages etc. might vary a little.
School in the UK is compulsory between the ages of five and sixteen. Children younger than five can go to a toddler group (accompanied by a parent), playgroup or nursery school.
Compulsory schooling begins at the age of five. Pupils first attend primary school, which lasts for six years. Often primary school in the UK is divided into infant school (the first two years) and junior school (the following 4 years).
After primary school, students go to secondary school until they are sixteen (practical emphasis) or 18 (secondary school with 6th form - academic emphasis).
The school year consists of three terms. Students have about 12-13 weeks of holiday per school year.
< 5 nursery school
5-11 primary school
5-7 infant school
7-11 junior school
11-18 secondary school with 6th form
11-16 secondary school
16-18 6th form college
When students in the UK say what year they are in, they usually use cardinal numbers, e.g. ‘year ten’. (In the USA, students would use ordinal numbers, e.g. ‘tenth grade’.)
At primary school, classes run Monday to Friday from about 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. There are usually between 25 and 35 pupils in one class. They primarily learn how to read, write and count. They also learn something about their country and about religion and they begin to study their first foreign language.
At secondary school, classes also run Monday to Friday, but are usually from about 8.45 to 3.30. Typical mandatory subjects are English, maths, natural sciences (biology, physics, chemistry), modern languages (French, German, Spanish), religion, citizenship, physical education, information and communication technology, geography and history. Apart from these, schools also offer optional courses from which their students can choose. At the age of sixteen, students usually sit several exams and decide whether they want to leave school or continue in a 6th form college.
Gifted and talented students can choose to enter for examinations early (one year or several terms) and then take additional courses in these or other subjects.
In the UK (as in other English speaking countries) letter grades are used in reports.
A > 80% (excellent)
B > 70% (very good)
C > 60% (improvement needed)
D > 50% (close fail)
E > 40% (fail)
F < 40% (fail)
In general, only grades A to C are a 'pass'. Still, in the UK no student has to repeat a year – weak students can take extra lessons at school.
Different Kinds of Schools
Most students in the UK are enrolled in state funded schools. These are financed through taxes, so parents do not have to pay for their children's education. But there are also numerous private schools, also known as independent schools, where education is not free of charge.
Students can choose to attend a co-educational school or a single sex school.
It is common for students in the UK to wear school uniforms. They consist of:
blazer or sweater with school logo
shirt and tie or polo shirt / t-shirt
dark trousers or dark skirt
At some schools, students are required to wear a shirt and a tie, other schools only require a t-shirt or sweater. The colour of the uniform also depends on the school – blazer, sweater, trousers and skirt are usually blue, grey, green or brown.
Exercise1. Are these statements true or false? Correct wrong sentences.
1. In Britain the school year begins in October.
2. Children go to school 5 days a week.
3. All state schools in Britain are free.
4. Education is compulsory from 5 to 18 years.
5. There are three main stages of education in Britain.
6. Children finish primary school at 16.
7. In infant school children learn reading, writing and counting.
8. Children go to junior school at 7.
9. There is no regular timetable in junior school.
10. A comprehensive school combines academic and technical education.
11. 50% of secondary schools in Britain are co-educational.
12. A grammar school provides technical education.
13. The sixth form prepares pupils for national exam.
14. It is not compulsory to have "A” level to enter a university.
15. College gives more practical diplomas.
2. Прочитайте текст, выполните упражнения по английскому языку после текста.
Russian State Schools
Facts and Figures about the Russian Education System
1. Children start school when they are 6 or 7. They go to school for eleven years. The years are divided into primary (4 years) secondary (5 years) and senior (2 years).
2. The academic year begins on the 1st September and finishes on 31st May. June is when the 9th and 11th forms take their exams. The academic year is broken into terms or quarters with three breaks. The summer holidays starts on 1st June and lasts for three months.
3. The school day normally starts at 8.30 a.m. and finishes at 3 p.m. There are some variations from school to school. Schools in big cities often have two shifts, as their buildings are not big enough to accommodate all the students at the same time. The school week is five or six days long. Young students have three to four lessons a day while older ones may have up to seven lessons.
4. The main school subjects are: Russian, Literature, Mathematics and History. Russian is a compulsory subject, but ethic minorities have the right to teach in their own languages. English is the most popular foreign language studied in school. Other languages taught are German, French and Spanish.
5. Class size is usually 20 to 30 students. Primary teachers teach all subjects while subject specialists teach secondary and senior classes. Students are graded from 2 (unsatisfactory) to 5 (excellent). On rare occasions the 1 is given as a punishment. If a student has unsatisfactory results at the end of the year, they will be held back and asked to repeat the year.
6. Some Russian state schools specialized in a group of subjects, e.g. Maths and Physics, Biology and Chemistry. There are also vocational schools where children are trained for their future jobs (ballet dancer, musician etc.) and have general education lessons alongside their training. Nowadays more and more schools use modern communications and media technologies as a part of the courses.
7. Last but not least is the subject of fees. Until the 1990s all schools were run by the state and were free of charge. Now, however some of them are private and charge fees.
Exercise 1. Think of three questions a foreigner might ask about the Russian school system.
Exercise 2. Match the headings A-G to the paragraphs 1-7.
A Money Matters
B Class Marks
C Subjects Taught
D Specialist Subjects
E Daily Program
F Academic Calendar
G School Years
Exercise 3. Translate the words in bold into Russian and explain them.
3. Put in the missing words and translate sentences into Russian.
degree century was founded admission imagination
arts sciences graduates measurements calculation
1. My brother has entered the college of _______ this year, because he is fond of literature, history and languages a lot.
2. The Ural State Pedagogical University ___________ in 1930.
3. If you want to work as a designer you should have active _____________.
4. Each university has its own rules of ____________ for applicants.
5. My mother has a _______ in mathematics.
6. You should take all necessary ___________ before constructing this model.
7. Many _________ of our university want to work according to their speciality.
8. I am good at such ___________ as physics, chemistry and economy.
9. His ___________ was wrong that’s why you got bad results.
10. The first women college was opened in Britain in the 19th ___________.
Прочитайте информацию об английских модальных глаголах, выполните упражнения.
В английском языке существует группа так называемых модальных глаголов, которые также называются недостаточными. Недостаточными они называются потому, что имеют только некоторые личные формы и совсем не имеют неличных форм (инфинитива, причастий и герундия), а поэтому не имеют никаких сложных глагольных форм: can, may, must, ought.
Ни один из этих глаголов не имеет окончания -s в 3-м лице единственного числа настоящего времени. После глаголов can, must, may инфинитив стоит без частицы to, после глагола ought инфинитив стоит с частицей to.
Модальными все эти глаголы являются потому, что выражают возможность, способность или необходимость совершения какого-либо действия.
can - форма настоящего времени; could - форма прошедшего времени (мочь, уметь):
He broke his leg, now he can't walk. Он сломал ногу, поэтому сейчас не может ходить.
He can speak English. Он может говорить по английски.
She could do it easily. Она могла сделать это легко.
При необходимости выразить будущее время или какие-либо другие временные формы глагол can не употребляется; употребляется конструкция be able.
I shall be able to tell you about it only tomorrow. Я смогу вам об этом сказать только завтра.
may - форма настоящего времени; might - форма прошедшего времени (можно, разрешается)
May I come in? Можно я войду?
She might have done it easily. Она могла сделала это легко.
При необходимости выразить будущее время или другие сложные времена вместо may употребляется конструкция be allowed:
You will be allowed to smoke in that room. Вы сможете курить в этой комнате.
must - (должен, должно быть - по объективной необходимости)
I must go there at once. Я должен сразу пойти туда.
Для выражения прошедшего и будущего времени употребляется глагол have в своем модальном значении в прошедшем или будущем времени:
I had to get up at seven. Я должен был встать в семь.
She will have to go with me. Она должна будет пойти со мной.
ought - (должен, мне следует) имеет значение моральной необходимости совершения действия
They ought to write letters to their parents. Им следует написать письма своим родителям.
Глаголы shall и will являются не только вспомогательными, но и модальными глаголами.
You shall go there at once! Вы пойдете туда немедленно!
I will help him. Я помогу ему.
should - (должен) часто передает необходимость совершения какого-то действия и по значению приближается к ought.
He should have written this excercise. Ему следует написать это упражнение.
would - также как will, часто передает желание или иногда вежливое обращение:
We asked her several times but she would keep silence. Мы спрашивали ее несколько раз, но она молчала.
to be to - должен - по расписанию, по плану, по договоренности
The house is to be built by the end of the year. Дом должен быть построен к концу года.
Ex.1. Вставьте модальные глаголы to have to или to be to.
1. As we had agreed before, we … to meet at two o'clock to go to the stadium together. But Mike did not come. I waited for another half an hour, but then I … to leave as I was afraid to be late.
2. The meeting … to begin at five o'clock. Don't be late.
3. Where … the lecture to take place? - I suppose in the assembly hall.
4. So, our plan is as follows: I … to go to the library and bring the books. You … to look through all the material here. Later we … to work together.
5. "You … to do it alone, without anybody's help," she said.
6. I … to help my friends with this work now, so I cannot go with you.
7. It was raining hard and we … to wait until it stopped raining.
8. I … to ask him about it tomorrow, as today he has already gone.
9. Why didn't you tell me that I … to buy the books?
10. According to the order of the schoolmistress all the pupils … to return the library books before the twenty-third of May.
Ex.2. Переведите, используя модальные глаголы: can, could, to be able to.
1. Катя может говорить по-английски хорошо.
2. Никто не мог мне помочь.
3. Мой друг не может прийти вовремя (in time).
4. Она не сможет вовремя добраться до аэропорта.
5. Не может быть, что он переводит эту книгу.
Ex.3. Переведите предложения контрольной по английскому языку на русский язык.
1) Must we learn the poem today?
2) Don’t ring him up: he must be very busy.
3) They had to call the doctor because the grandmother was ill.
Ex.4. Переведите на английский язык, используя must:
a. Ты должен уехать завтра утром?
b. Мои друзья, должно быть, в парке.
c. Собрание должно начаться в 5 часов.
Ex.5. Вставьте модальный глагол may (might) или выражение to be allowed to. Вставляйте to be allowed to только в тех случаях, где may (might) употребить нельзя.
1.He ... go home if he likes. 2. As soon as the boy ... leave the room, he smiled a happy smile and ran out to join his friends outside. 3. The doctor says I am much better. I ... get up for a few hours every day. 4. ... I bring my sister to the party? 5. He asked if he ... bring his sister to the party. 6. After they had finished their homework, the children ... watch TV. 7. He ... join the sport sectiion as soon as he is throught with medical examination. 8. Becky’s mother said that everybody ... take part in the picnic. 9. If you pass your examinations, you ... go to the South. 10 ... I borrow your car, please? 11. He asked if he ... borrowed my car. 12. ... I have a look at your newspaper?
5. Сделайте перевод 5000 знаков текстов по специальности.
4000 знаков – письменный перевод (сдать текст оригинала и перевод)
1000 знаков – устный перевод (перевод делается в устной форме, студент при переводе при себе имеет текст оригинала без пометок и список незнакомых ему слов из данного текста с переводом).