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Контрольные. Институт Экономики и Предпринимательства при Правительстве Москвы.


Контрольные работы по английскому языку



I. Перепишите следующие предложения; определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием –s и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т.е. служит ли оно:
а) показателем 3-го лица ед. числа глагола в Present Indefinite;
б) признаком мн. числа имени существительного;
в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.
Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. The teacher hangs up tables and diagrams before a lecture.
2. During the course of study students carry out practical work in well-
equipped laboratories.
3. The sun’s heat reaches us across almost empty space in the form of rays.

II. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их, обращая внимание на особенности перевода на русский язык определений, выраженных именем существительным.

1. The first television pictures, which appeared in 1939, were black-and-white.
2. The Russian scientist A.S. Popov worked much on the problem of radio
communication.
3. Electronic technology made it possible to set up automatic communication
systems.

III. Перепишите следующие предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения и переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. The more experiments scientists make, the greater is their knowledge of the
structure of matter.
2. The dark side of Mercury is probably even colder than the farthest planet
Pluto.
3. The new hydroelectric station is much more powerful than the first
one.

IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод неопределенных и отрицательных местоимений в контрольных.

1. Do you have any new magazines on cybernetics? – Yes, I have some.
2. The engineer touched upon some important problems at the scientific
conference.
3. I heard nothing about this discovery.

V. Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в них видо-временные формы глаголов и укажите их инфинитив; переведите предложения на русский язык. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную форму.

1. Some years ago scientists found a way of splitting atoms artificially.
2. Magnets have two poles, called the north and the south poles.
3. The current which comes to our houses, stores and offices and lights our
streets comes from generators.
4. Mathematics will have a wider application than it has now.

VI. Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на различные способы перевода оборота there + be.

1. There are different kinds of batteries widely used in modern radio
engineering.
2. There were all the necessary instruments in their workshop.
3. There will be many problems in the process of constructing this machine.



VII. а) Перепишите текст. Переведите его на русский язык.
б) Ответьте на вопросы по тексту.   
1) Who is the inventor of the radio?
2) What day is the birth of the radio?
3) What did Popov’s invention lay the foundation for?

Notes to the text:
1.    to make a contribution – внести вклад
2.    to win recognition – получить признание
3.   considered Marconi to be – считал, что Маркони является…

A Great Invention of a Russian Scientist

Radio occupies one of the leading places among the greatest achievements of modern engineering. Professor A.S. Popov, the talented Russian scientist invented it and demonstrated the first radio-receiving set in the world on May 7, 1895. It is on this day that we mark the anniversary of the birth of the radio.
By his invention, Popov made a priceless contribution to the development of world science. Nearly at the same time an Italian inventor G. Marconi, who moved to Great Britain in 1896, got an English patent on using electromagnetic waves for communication without wires. But A. S. Popov did not patent his invention at that time, so the world considered Marconi to be the inventor of the radio. But in our country it is A.S. Popov who we by right call the inventor of the radio.
A.S. Popov was born in the Urals on March 16, 1859. First he studied at the seminary in Perm and then went to the University of St. Petersburg. In his student days he worked as a mechanic at one of the first electric power-plants in St. Petersburg which produced electric lights for Nevsky prospect.
After graduating from the University in 1882, A.S. Popov remained there as a post-graduate at the Physics Department. A year later he became a lecturer in Physics and Electrical Engineering in Kronstadt. At that time, he won recognition among specialists as an authority in this field.
When Hertz published his experiments proving the existence of electromagnetic waves, A.S. Popov thought of a possibility of using Herzt waves for transmitting signals over a distance. Thus the first wireless (radio) receiving set was created. Then Popov developed his device and on March 24, 1896 he demonstrated the transmission and reception of a radiogram consisting of two words: Heinrich Hertz. On that day the radio-telegraphy  converted from an abstract theoretical problem into a real fact. A.S. Popov did not live to see the great progress of his invention. Popov’s invention laid the foundation for futher inventions and improvements in the field of radio engineering.



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