Английский язык контрольная работа. Log in

Контрольное работа

 Для того, чтобы правильно выполнить контрольную работу, необходимо усвоить следующие разделы курса английского языка по рекомендованному учебнику
1. Видовременные формы глагола:
Настоящее совершённое время (The Present Perfect Tense) и его сопоставление с простым прошедшем временем (The Past Indefinite Tense)
Страдательный залог – формы Indefinite (Present, Past, Future).
Особенности перевода пассивных конструкций на русский язык.
2. Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.
3. Неличные формы глагола.
4. Местоимения another, other, the other.
5. Придаточные предложения времени и условия.
6. Основные случаи словообразования:
Отрицательные префиксы in-,un-
Суффикс наречий –ly
Вариант I
I. Выберите правильный ответ
1. I (heard, have heard) about it from my friend already.
2. Yesterday I (checked in, have checked in) at the Marriott Hotel
3. We (spoke, have spoken) at the meeting the day before yesterday.
4. The Queens powers (limited, are limited) by Parliament.
5. President George Bush Jr. (elected, was elected) in 2000.
6. There are very (few, little) passengers at the Departure Control.
7. Don’t order (much, many) ice-cream. I want just (a few, a little).
8. He wants to be an attorney (too, either)
9. It often (rained, rains) here last month.
10. The police (must, may) protect people from the crime.
II. Переведите следующие предложения на русский язык, обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций. Определите видовременную форму глагола-сказуемого
1. This grammar rule is being discussed at the lesson today.
2. The suspected person was arrested by the detectives yesterday.
3. The sentence will be announced by the judge tomorrow.
4. That room cannot be used as a classroom.
III. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод придаточных предложений
1. If the sky falls, we shall catch larks.
2. We’ll phone you as soon as he gives the answer.
3. I’ll ask him to do it after he finished his work.

IV. Переведите на русский язык
1. The recent visit of the president was reported through all mass media sources.
2. If you visit us in late September you’ll enjoy Indian Summer in Pyatigorsk.
3. There is a steady demand in good lawyers in all law enforcement agencies.
4. We demand our life to be protected from the criminal by the state.
5. Profession of the lawyer offers a lot of interesting ways in our life
6. There are many offers from the private companies in highly qualified attorneys.
V. Переведите на английский язык
1. Я знаю этого человека хуже, чем ты.
2. У меня больше друзей, чем у него.
3. Это самое легкое упражнение.
4. Февраль – самый короткий месяц года.
VI. Прочитайте и письменно переведите
US Government
By the Constitution of 1787 (and the amendments to it) the government of the USA is composed of three branches: the executive one, the legislative one, and the judicial one.
The highest executive power in the United States is vested in the President of the United States, who is elected for a term of 4 years by electors of each states. The Presidential election is held every four year in November. The President of the USA must be a native-born citizen resident in the country for 14 years and at least 35 years old.
The President is to carry out the programs of the Government, to recommend much of the legislation to the Congress. He is to appoint Federal Judges, ambassadors to other countries and heads of various government departments, called secretaries.
The legislative power belongs to the Congress of the United States consisting of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate is composed of two members from each state elected for a term of 6 years, one third being elected every two years. The number of representatives from each state to the House of Representatives depends on the number of people in each particular state. In order to become a law all bills and resolutions must pass both chambers and must be signed by the President.
The Supreme Court is the highest judicial organ of the United States and the head of the judicial branch of power. The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the USA and a number of Associate Justices.
Each state has a constitution similar to the Constitution of the entire nation and all power in each state is divided into executive, legislative and judicial. The head of each state is the governor of the state.
VII. Переведите  текст контрольной на английский язык, использую лексику текста
1. Управление в США состоит из трех ветвей власти: исполнительной, законодательной, судебной.
2. Высшая исполнительная власть в Соединенных Штатах находится в руках Президента США.
3. Президент назначает Федеральных судей, послов в другие страны и руководителей различных правительственных департаментов, называемых секретарями.
4. Законодательная власть принадлежит Конгрессу США, состоящему из двух палат: Сената и Палаты Представителей.
5. Верховный Суд является высшим судебным органом Соединенных Штатов и главой судебной ветви власти.
6. Главой каждого штата является губернатор штата.
Вариант 2
I. Выберите правильный ответ
1. Look! The teacher (come, has come).
2. We (passed, have passed) all the exams successfully last semester .
3. Yesterday he (has joined, joined) us for lunch.
4. The form of the U.S. government (based, is based) on the Constitution.
5. First ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution (adopted, were adopted) in 1791.
6. Can you give me (a little, a few) money?
7. He has made very (many, much) progress in the investigation .
8. We don’t want to fail at the exam (too, either).
9. It never (is raining, rains) here in December.
10. The traffic police officers (must, may) help drivers in the emergency cases.
II. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание
на перевод пассивных конструкций. Определите
видовременную форму глагола – сказуемого
1. Books by Jack London are read by many readers with great interest.
2. This information was received last week.
3. I am sure the match will be won by our team.
4. This report ought to be finished tonight.
III. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание
на перевод придаточных предложений
1. You won’t be able to fight crime well if you are not a highly qualified specialist.
2. Will you wait here until he comes.
3. It he doesn’t go to the cinema, he’ll ring us up.
IV. Переведите на английский язык
1. Он говорит по-английски лучше, чем по-французски
2. Его отец старше моей матери
3. Мой друг самый счастливый человек в мире – он собирается жениться
4. Вы знаете самые последние новости?
V.Подчеркните существительное одной чертой,
глагол – двумя, переведите на русский язык
1. A professor gave his comments on the recent development of the situation in the Middle East.
2. "Could you comment on our perspectives after graduation from the University” – the students asked their dean.
3. Export of the scientific elite is called "Brain Drain”.
4. To export raw materials is much easier but very destructive for the country’s future.
5. You may pay your penalty in cash or by cheque.
6. The deposit may be cashed in any local bank.

VI.Прочитайте и письменно переведите
US Constitution
The form of the US government is based on the Constitution of 1787, adopted after the War of Independence. A "constitution” in American political language means the set of rules, laws, regulations and customs which together provide the political norms or standards regulating the work of the government. The document known as the Constitution of the United States, though a basic document, is only a part of the body of rules and customs which form the whole of the American Constitution. Supreme Court decisions, interpreting parts of the US Constitution, laws, regulations, customs are part of the basic law (the so-called "live Constitution”). Most historians regard the US Constitution as an essentially conservative document.
The US Constitution consists of the preamble, seven articles and twenty six amendments, the first ten of them are called collectively the Bill of Rights and were adopted under the popular pressure in 1791. When the Constitution was first proposed in 1787, there was wide spread dissatisfaction because it didn’t contain guarantees of certain basic freedoms and individual rights. In December 1791, the Congress adopted ten amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights. The Bill enumerated what the government controlled by the oligarchy was not going to be allowed to do. It was, of course, an important democratic gain for the people at that time. But nowadays some of these ten amendments are relatively unimportant. The Bill of Rights is sometimes violated by the judicial and law enforcement practice.
VII.Переведите на английский язык, используя лексику текста
1. "Конституция” на американском политическом языке означает свод законов, правил, постановлений и обычаев, которые все вместе предопределяют политические нормы или стандарты, регламентирующие деятельность правительства
2. Конституция США состоит из преамбулы, 7 статей и 26 поправок
3. Первые 10 поправок к американской конституции называются "Билем о Правах”
4. "Биль о Правах” определяет что не разрешено делать правительству, контролируемого олигархией
5. На сегодняшний день некоторые из 10 первых поправок относительно потеряли свою значимость
6. Большинство историков расценивают конституцию как крайне консервативный документ
Вариант 3
I.Выберите правильный ответ
1. We (did, have done) it already.
2. My father (left, has left) for Moscow today.
3. My friend (took, has taken) this exam twice.
4. Each state of the USA (governs, is governed) by the governor.
5. Police Academy in New York (founded, was founded) by J.E. Hoover.
6. There were very (few, little) visitors at the Court.
7. The Jury Board showed very (few, little) interest in the attorney’s speech.
8. He didn’t go to the police office (too, either).
9. Look! It (rains, is raining).
10. Excuse me, (can, may) you help me?
II. Переведите следующие предложения на русский язык,
обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций.
Определите видовременную форму глагола – сказуемого
1. Russia is washed by seas and oceans in the North and in the East.
2. The text has already been translated.
3. All the exams will be passed by me well.
4. Some new phrases must be used in your story.
III.Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание.
на перевод придаточных предложений
1. If you run after two hares, you will catch neither.
2. When he gives a lecture in administrative law, all students listen attentively.
3. When she comes back she will help us to do the translation.
IV.Переведите на английский язык
1. Я написал более длинное письмо, чем вы.
2. В прошлый раз футбольный матч был более интересным.
3. Диккенс – один из самых популярных писателей.
4. Это самая трудная работа.
V.Подчеркните существительное одной чертой,
глагол – двумя, переведите на русский язык
1. Unfortunately I cannot answer all your possible questions
2. The answer is obvious: criminals should be kept in prisons
3. It is very interesting to stay in the United States
4. The visit of the Prime Minister in our country will take place in two days
5. All the drivers should obey the commands of the traffic police inspectors
6. He likes to command among his friends
VI. Прочитайте и письменно переведите
The Bodies of Government in the United Kingdom
Great Britain is a monarchy, but the Queen’s power of Great Britain is not absolute, but constitutional. Her powers are limited by Parliament. But the power is hereditary, and not elective.
The bodies of government in the United Kingdom are those of the legislature, which consists of the Queen in Parliament and is the supreme authority of the country; those of the executive and those of the judiciary.
The executive bodies consist of the Cabinet and other ministers of the Crown who are responsible for directing national policy; government departments, who are responsible for administration at the national level. Local authorities, who administer and control many services at the local level and statutory boards, who are responsible for the operation of particular nationalized industries or public services. The highest judicial body in the English judicial system is the House of Lords.
The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the party that has majority in the House of Commons. The Prime Minister usually takes policy decisions with the agreement of his Cabinet (a committee of leading Ministers). Each new Prime Minister may make changes in the size of his Cabinet and may create new ministries or make other changes. The Prime Minister holds Cabinet meetings at his house at number ten Downing Street, which is very near the Houses of Parliament in Westminster.
The power of the monopolists over the Parliamentary government in Britain is achieved in three main ways: 1) by direct representation in Parliament by businessmen and by politicians supporting businessmen; 2) by direct influence over the Cabinet, the supreme organ of the British Government which controls Parliament; and 3) by initiation, control and amendment of legislation in which they are interested.
VII.Переведите на английский язык, используя лексику текста
1. Великобритания является монархией; однако власть королевы не абсолютная, а конституционная.
2. Органы управления Великобритании состоят из законодательных, исполнительных и судебных инстанций.
3. Высшим судебным органом английской судебной системы является Палата Лордов.
4. Премьер министром обычно является лидер партии, имеющей большинство в Палате Общин.
5. Каждый новый премьер министр может производить изменения в составе своего кабинета министров
6. Премьер министр проводит заседания Кабинета в своей резиденции на Даунинг Стрит 10, расположенной недалеко от здания парламента в Вестминстере