Английский язык контрольная работа. Log in

текст контрольной по английскому zpsre

Упр. 1. Выпишите из текста контрольной по английскому все сказуемые, смысловой глагол которых выражен причастием прошедшего времени (Participle II). Определите время и залог сказуемых. Дайте исходную форму смысловых глаголов.

Например: has been collected — Present Perfect Passive Voice; to refer .

Упр. 2. Найдите в тексте слова, оканчивающиеся на -ing. Подчеркните причастия настоящего времени одной чертой , отглагольное существительное — двумя , герундий — пунктирной линией .

Упр. 3. Найдите в 1-м ,3-м, 7-м и 8-м абзацах текста и подчеркните волнистой линией английские слова  инфинитивных оборотов: сложное подлежащее (Complex Subject) (4 примера) и сложное дополнение (Complex Object) (3 примера).

Упр. 4. Дайте синонимы из текста к следующим словам и выражениям:
то learn, to belong, outsider, an example, a good deal of , to deal with.
Упр. 5. Подберите антонимы из текста к следующим словам:
easy, stable, slowly, explicit, hostile, disparate, general information.
Упр. 6. Опираясь на текст, переведите на английский язык следующие группы слов:
Различия в культурах; принадлежать к нескольким культурам; традиция (обычай); вера; ценность; нормы поведения; доступность информации; подход; как можно больше; правила общественного поведения; развивать общие навыки; недостаток; уникальные особенности; влиять на межкультурное общение; подход к изучению культур; развитие навыков межкультурного общения; быть терпеливым и упорным; завершить задачу.
Упр. 7. Письменно ответьте на вопросы к тексту:
1. What is culture?
2. What are subcultures?
3. What are two main approaches to cultural.

1. The first step in learning to communicate with people from other cultures is sure to become aware of what culture means. Our awareness of intercultural differences is both useful and necessary in today's world of business.
2. Person may not realise it, but he belongs to several cultures. The most obvious is the culture he shares with all other people who live in the same country. But this person also belongs to other cultural groups, such as an ethnic group, a religious group, a fraternity or sorority, or perhaps a profession that has its own special language and customs.
3. So what exactly is culture? Culture is known to be a system of shared symbols, beliefs, attitudes, values, expectations, and norms for behaviour. Thus all members of a culture have, and tend to act on, similar assumptions about how people should think, behave, and communicate.
4. Distinct groups existing within a major culture appear to be more properly referred to as subcultures. Among groups that might be considered subcultures are Mexican Americans in East Los Angeles, Mormons in Salt Lake City, and longshoremen in Montreal. Subcultures without geographic boundaries can be found as well, such as wrestling fans, Russian immigrants, and Harvard MBAs.
5. Cultures and subcultures vary in several ways that affect intercultural communication:
• Stability. Conditions in the culture may be stable or may be changing slowly or rapidly.
• Complexity. Cultures vary in the accessibility of information. In North America information is contained in explicit codes, including words, whereas in Japan a great deal of information is conveyed implicitly, through body language, physical context, and the like.
• Composition. Some cultures are made up of many diverse and disparate subcultures; others tend to be more homogeneous.
• Acceptance. Cultures vary in their attitudes toward outsiders. Some are openly hostile or maintain a detached aloofness. Others are friendly and co-operative toward strangers.
As you can see, cultures vary widely. It's no wonder that most of us need special training before we can become comfortable with a culture other than our own.
6. When faced with the need (or desire) to learn about another culture, we have two main approaches to choose from. The first is to learn as much as possible—the language, cultural background and history, social rules, and so on—about the specific culture that you are expected to deal with. The other is to develop general skills that will help to adapt in any culture.