Тест по английскому языку.
Тест по английскому языку.
Выберите правильный вариант предложенного ответа из теста по английскому языку
In ___1___ times, when civil servants ___2___were part of the ___3___, they were literally the monarch’s personal servants. As the powers of monarchs and princes ___4___ and as, in some countries, their sovereignty ___5___, ___6___ became a matter of personal choice by ministers and heads of departments. The influence of senior civil servants ___7___ wield over policy and the need for them to ___8___ in close harmony with ministers induce all governments to insist on complete ___9___ in appointments, even when, as in Great Britain, the ___10___ is ___11___ invoked. In some countries, notably the United States, senior ___12___ usually ___13___ whenever a new administration ___14___ office.
1. A. earlier B. earliest C. early
2. A. are B. was C. were
3. A. kings household B. king’s household C.king household
4. A. decline B. declined C. declining
5. A. was denied B. denied C. deny
6. A. appoint B. appointed C. appointment
7. A. may B. must C. should
8. A. working B. work C. worked
9. A. choice of freedom B. freedom’s choice C. freedom of choice
10. A. free B. freedom C. freely
11. A. rarely B. rare C. rarer
12. A. advice B. adviser C. advisers
13. A. replaced B. are replaced C. is replaced
14. A. takes B. take C. took
15.___ set the foundation of the modern merit system of the United States.
a) Roosevelt's reforms b) Roosevelts' reforms
c) Roosevelts reforms
16. ___ are staffed by politically impartial civil servants.
a) agencys b) agencyes c) agencies
17. One of __(1)__ is to select __(2)__ of the greatest ability and __(3)__ ethical and professional integrity to serve in policymaking and key administrative positions.
(1) a) President's Bush top priorities b) President Bush's top priorities c) President's Bush's top priorities
(2) a) mans and womans b) men and women c) men and woman
(3) a) highest b) the most high c) highiest
18. The day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal law ___ in the hands of the various executive departments.
a) be b) is c) are
19. Leaders of the House of representatives __ more power than leaders in the Senate.
a) have b) has c) are having
20. Although the 18th-century terms "Whig" and "Tory" indicated certain political leanings, there ___was no clear-cut division in Parliament and no comprehensive party organization.
a) is b) was c) will be
21. The Lords and the Commons ___ began to meet separately some five centuries ago.
a) begin b) begined c) began
22. When the second reading __(1)__, the member who __(2)__ the bill __(3)__ the speech explaining the proposed new law and his reasons for bringing it forward.
(1) a) take place b) takes place c) take places
(2) a) had introduced b) have introduced c) has introduced
(3) a) makes b) is making c) has made
23. Government Cabinets __(1)__ in the same room since 1856, when it __(2)__ the Council Chamber.
(1) a) has met b) have met c) had met
(2) a) was called b) is called c) called
24. Since 1992 the membership of Cabinet Committees ___.
a) was published b) published c) has been published
25. The British party system __(1)__ on the assumption that there __(2)___ at least two parties in the Commons
(1) a) is based b) are based c) based
(2) a) is b) are c) was
26. The Cabinet __(1)__ always by the Prime Minister, although the role of the Prime Minister __(2)__ traditionally as primus inter pares, first among equals.
(1) a) is led b) was led c) has been led
(2) a) describes b) is described c) described
27. The president ___ veto legislative bills before they become law.
a) has to b) ought to c) can
28. To be a candidate a person ___ live in the area.
a) mustn't b) needn't c) must
29. Each constituency ___ elect only one member to Parliament.
a) ought to b) has to c) is able to
30. The House of Lords can't reject bills ___ by the House of Commons.
a) passing b) being passed c) passed
31. British citizens ___ abroad are also entitled to a postal vote as long as they have been living abroad for less than 15 years.
a) live b) living c) having lived
32. __(1)__ by the President and approved by the Senate, the heads of the departments form a council of advisers __(2)__ as the President's Cabinet.
(1) a) having been chosen b) having chosen c) chosen
(2) a) knew b) known c) being known
33. The main political parties ___ in Parliament today are the Labor Party, the Conservative Party, and the Liberal Democrats.
a) representing b) being represented c) represented
34. They insisted on __(1)__ in the first ten Constitutional Amendments, __(2)__ together as the Bill of Rights, what they considered to __(3)__ the fundamental rights of any American.
(1) a) stated b)stating c) being stated
(2) a) known b) being known c) having been known
(3) a) being b) been c) be
35. In 2000, Prime Minister Tony Blair was criticised for ___ 20 special advisers (compared to eight under his predecessor John Major).
a) appointed b) appointing c) being appointed
36. The Labor Party holds national conventions and seems ___ an efforts to revive itself as a forum for political debates.
a) to make b) to be made c) to be making
37. Today, President Theodore Roosevelt ___ the "father" of the modern merit civil service system.
a) is considered to be b) considers to be c) considered to be
38. The House of Commons seems ___ to have most of power within Parliament.
a) is seemed to have b) seem to have c) seems to have
39. If people ___ do not carry out their responsibilities as citizens, the whole society ___ suffers.
a) will not carry; will suffer b) do not carry; suffer
c) do not carry, suffers
40. We know the Roman Empire ___ officials largely on the basis of custom and the judgment of superiors.
a) to recruit and promote b) to be recruited and promoted c) to have recruited and promoted
41. What/ of the principal purposes/ one/ of the Cabinet/ is?
a) What is one of the principal purposes of the Cabinet?
b) What one of the principal purposes of the Cabinet is?
c) What is the principal purposes one of the Cabinet?
42. When / a semi-merit system/ was/ reversed?
a) When a semi-merit system was reversed?
b) When was reversed a semi-merit system?
c) When was a semi-merit system reversed?
43. Who/ Cabinet Ministers/ appoints or dismisses?
a) Who does appoint or dismiss Cabinet Ministers?
b) Who appoints or dismissed Cabinet Ministers?
c) Who Cabinet Ministers appoints or dismisses?
44. Where/ the Chinese civil service/ become known / did/ in the mid-18th century?
a) Where the Chinese civil service did become known in the mid- 18th century?
b) Where did the Chinese civil service become known in the mid- 18th century?
c) Where did become known the Chinese civil service in the mid- 18th century?
45. Departments and agencies are staffed by politically ___ impartial civil servants and generally receive their funding from money provided by Parliament.
a) impartial b) impartially c) partially
46. The structure and functions of departments are sometimes ___ reorganised if there are major changes in government policy.
a) unorganised b) disorganised c)reorganised
47. The UK is currently divided into 646 ___ parliamentary constituencies, each of which is represented by one MP in the House of Commons.
a) parliament b) parliamentive c) parliamentary
48. The __(1)__ establishment of the modern civil service is __(2)__ closely associated with the decline of __(3)__feudalism and the growth of __(4)__ national autocratic states.
(1) a) establishing b) establishment c) establishion
(2) a) closely b) closing c) closed
(3) a) feudal b) feudalist c) feudalism
(4) a) nationality b) national c) nation
49. __(1)__Initially, as in other countries, of were little more than secretariats for their __(2)__ leaders, who held positions at Court.
(1) a) initially b) initial c) initiative
(2) a) leading b) leadership c) leaders
50. In late 1981 the Prime Minister announced the ___ abolition of the Civil Service Department, transferring power over the Civil Service to the Prime Minister's Office and Cabinet Office.
a) abolishment b) abolishing c) abolition
Тест по английскому языку. Контрольная работа.